UNRAVELING SOCIAL FABRICS. UNDERSTANDING THE EMERGENCE OF COMMON GOODS WITH THE HELP OF MULTI-AGENT-SIMULATIONS
According to classical economics, Common Goods are highly unlikely. Emerging through collective contribution, but consumed individually, with control of contribution and consumption being costly and therefore limited in its feasibility, Common Goods are prone to free riding, meaning that beneficiaries can consume without contributing and therewith detain others from contributing as well. However, with the help of Multi-Agent-Simulations it can be shown that these dynamics might unfold in the other direction as well. What is more, the interaction of respective dynamics can weave fabrics which stabilize beyond the influence of individual actors.
Manfred Füllsack is a social scientist at the University of Vienna and at the Vienna University of Economics and Business. He teaches sociology, history and philosophy of labor and the theory of dynamical systems and networks. His current research focuses on possibilities of applying ICT to labor and social interaction, on the role of the observer in complex adaptive systems and on the use of simulation in scientific research.